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What is The Pyramid Approach to Education?

The Pyramid Approach to Education is a unique model of teaching that establishes effective learning environments for individuals with developmental disabilities and/or learning impairments. Designed by Dr. Andrew Bondy, and based on the principles of broad spectrum applied behaviour analysis (ABA), this model offers sound principles for those who teach in classroom, home or community settings.

The Pyramid Approach is based on two types of learning elements: structural and instructional. The structural elements form the base of the Pyramid, creating an environment conducive to learning. The base elements include:

  1. Functional Activities
  2. Reinforcement Systems
  3. Functional Communication
  4. Identification and Replacement of Contextually Inappropriate Behaviours (CIBS)

The instructional elements form the top of the Pyramid and include information relevant to the creation of effective lessons. The top elements include:

  1. Generalisation
  2. Lesson Formats
  3. Teaching/Prompting Strategies
  4. Error Correction (uniquely developed and suited to specific prompting strategies)

All elements involve data-based decision making. When all of the elements are combined, the approach results in success in a range of settings. The Pyramid emphasises how to teach, rather than simply what to teach, and allows each student’s program to be individually tailored to meet learning goals.

Picture Exchange Communication System®, PECS®, and Pyramid Approach to Education® are the registered trademarks of Pyramid Educational Consultants, Inc.